Antarctic Islands

Information about the Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Islands. Information includes, details of the island, photos, location etc.

Antipodes Island

Antipodes Island - Photo: Unknown Location Antipodes Island Sovereignty: New Zealand   Antipodes Island Facts Population: Zero (Island is an important conservation area). On 26 March 1800, Captain Henry Waterhouse discovered the Antipodes. 1814-1815 was the peak of sealing, when over 400,000 animals were killed. This group of islands consists of the two Windward Islands, the Leeward...

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Auckland Island

Auckland Islands - Photo Andris Apse Auckland Island Sovereignty: New Zealand   Auckland Island Facts On 18 August 1806 Abraham Bristow became the first person to discover the islands, naming them after Lord Auckland. The Auckland Islands (Auckland, Enderby, Rose and Disappointment Island) are 627 sq km in size, making them the largest of New Zealand's sub-Antarctic...

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Belleny Island

Belleny Islands - Photo Unknown Belleny Island Sovereignty: New Zealand   Belleny Island Facts English whaling captains John Balleny and Thomas Freeman were the first people to visit the islands. Freeman stepped ashore on 9 February 1839 - this landing was the first landing ever south of the Antarctic Circle. The Ballenys consist of the Ross...

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Bounty Island

Bounty Islands - Photo Unknown Bounty Island Sovereignty: New Zealand   Bounty Island Facts On 9 September 1788, Captain William Bligh discovered the islands and named them for his ship, the "Bounty", and in 1870, British Captain George Palmer took possession of the islands for Queen Victoria. The Bounty Islands are made up of 22 small...

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Bouvetya (Bouvet Island)

Bouvet Island - Photo Brendon Grunewald 70south Bouvetya (Bouvet Island) Sovereignty: Norway   Bouvet Island Facts ean-Baptiste-Charles Bouvet de Lozier became the first person to discover Bouvetøya on New Year's Day of 1739. On 10 December 1825, two British sealing ships rediscovered the island, naming it Liverpool Island and taking possession for the British crown. Norway annexed...

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Campbell Island

Campbell Island - Photo Max Koesling Campbell Island Royal Albatross - Photo Andris Apse Campbell Island Sovereignty: New Zealand   Campbell Island Facts On 4 January 1810, Campbell Island was discovered by Captain Frederick Hasselburg - he named it after the owner of his sealing company. The island is volcanic, making the weather on it cold,...

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Falkland Island

Falkland Island Sovereignty: UK   Falkland Island Facts Also known as Islas Malvinas. The Falkland Islands (51°45'S, 59°00'W) were officially discovered on 14 August 1592 by John Davis during an English naval expedition, even though there is evidence that Patagonian Indians may have reached the islands in canoes before that. The Spanish name for the Falklands,...

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Gough Island

Gough Island - Photo Unknown Gough Island Sovereignty: New Zealand   Gough Island Facts Gough Island (40°20'S, 10°0'W) was first sighted in 1505 by the Portuguese Gonçalo Alvarez when he was blown south after trying to round the Cape of Good Hope. Because of this, the island is sometimes called Gonzalo Alvarez. British Captain Charles Gough...

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Heard and McDonald Island

Heard and McDonald Islands - Photo Unknown Heard and McDonald Island Sovereignty: Australia   Heard and McDonald Island Facts People believe that British sealer Peter Kemp was the first person to discover the islands on 27 November 1833, but we cannot be sure. On 25 November 1853, American sealer John Heard definitely saw Heard Island, and...

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Ile Amsterdam

Ile Amsterdam - Photo A. Fatras Ile Amsterdam - Photo Jean-Luc Allegre Ile Amsterdam Sovereignty: France   Ile Amsterdam Facts Juan Sebastián de Elcano discovered the island on 18 March 1522 - he forgot to name his discovery, so in 1633 Dutchman Anthonie van Diemen had it named after his ship. Île Amsterdam is part of...

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Ile St Paul (St Paul Island)

St Paul Island - US Army Corps of Engineers Digital Visual Library Ile St Paul (St Paul Island) Sovereignty: France   St Paul Island Facts On 19 April 1618, Haevik Klaaszoon van Hillegom became the first person to discover the island. The Dutch made the first landing in 1696. In 1955, Île St Paul was formally incorporated...

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Iles Crozet (Crozet Island)

Crozet Island - Photo Unknown Iles Crozet (Crozet Island) Sovereignty: France   Crozet Island Facts Frenchman Marc Macé Marion du Fresne discovered Îles Crozet on 23 January 1772, naming them for his second-in-command Jules Marie Crozet. The islands are divided into two groups: L'Occidental (Île aux Cochons, Îlots des Apôtres, Île des Pingouins and Brisants de l'Héroine)...

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Iles Kerguelen (Kerguelen Island)

Kerguelen Island - Photo Unknown Iles Kerguelen (Kerguelen Island) Sovereignty: France   Kerguelen Island Facts On 12 February 1772, Captain Yves-Joseph de Kerguelen-Tremarec became the first person to discover the islands. He put some of his crew ashore for a very short time to claim the land for France. In 1773 he was sent back with three...

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Islas Diego Ramirez (Diego Ramirez Island)

Diego Ramirez Islands - Photo Unknown Diego Ramirez Station - Photo Unknown Islas Diego Ramirez (Diego Ramirez Island) Sovereignty: Chile   Diego Ramirez Island Facts These Chilean islands were discovered by a Portuguese expedition on 12 February 1619, becoming the most southerly known land in the world at that time. They held that honour for more than...

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Killingbeck Island

Killingbeck Island - Photo Edo Gerkema Killingbeck Island - Photo Edo Gerkema Killingbeck Island Sovereignty: UK   Killingbeck Island Facts Also known as Cerrito, Isla (Argentina) and Jiménez, Isla (Chile). Small island lying east of Rothera Point, off the south east coast of Adelaide Island. Named by the UK-APC in 1964 for John B. Killingbeck, who was BAS...

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Macquarie Island

Macquarie Island - Photo Manfred Purtz Macquarie Island Sovereignty: Australia   Macquarie Island Facts On 11 July 1810, Frederick Hasselborough discovered Macquarie Island, naming it after Lachlan Macquarie (the Governor of New South Wales). The island lies about halfway between Tasmania and the Antarctic continent, and is about 128 sq km in size. Its highest point...

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Peter Island

Peter Island - Photo Unknown Peter Island Sovereignty: Norway   Peter Island Facts On 21 January 1821, Fabian von Bellingshausen discovered the island, naming it after the Russian Czar Peter the Great. It was the first land ever discovered south of the Antarctic Circle. Ola Olstad, sailing in his ship "Norvegia", made the first successful landing...

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Prince Edward Island

Marion Island - Photo Brendon Grunewald 70south Prince Edward Island Sovereignty: South Africa   Prince Edward Island Facts On 4 March 1663, a Dutchman named Barent Barentszoon Ham was the first person to discover the islands - he called the northerly island Dina, and the southerly Maerseveen. However, he gave the wrong latitude, and no one...

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Scott Island

Scott Island - Photo Kuno Lechner Scott Island Sovereignty: UK   Scott Island Facts On 25 December 1902, British Captain William Colbeck discovered the island, naming it Markham Island after Sir Clements Markham, President of the Royal Geographical Society and the architect of the "Discovery". However, the name was later changed in memory of Robert Falcon...

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Shag Rocks

Shag Rocks - Wikipedia Shag Rocks Sovereignty: UK   Shag Rocks Facts Joseph de la Llana discovered the Shag Rocks in 1792, and originally named them the Aurora Islands. James Sheffield found the Shag Rocks while searching for the Auroras. The first landing was only made in 1956, when an Argentine geologist was lowered by a...

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South Georgia Island

South Georgia Island - Photo Pekka Kosloff South Georgia Island Sovereignty: UK   South Georgia Island Facts The London-born merchant Antoine de la Roche was probably the first person to see South Georgia (54'30°S, 37'00°W). His ship was blown south in April 1675 after trying to round Cape Horn, and he caught a glimpse of South...

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South Orkney Island

South Orkney Islands - Picasaweb South Orkney Island Sovereignty: Britain, Argentina   South Orkney Island Facts The South Orkney Islands were discovered by American sealer Nathaniel Brown Palmer and British sealer George Powell on 6 December 1821. Powell named the islands Powell's group and took posession for the British crown on Coronation Island. British sealer James...

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South Sandwich Island

South Sandwich Islands - kkn.net South Sandwich Island Sovereignty: UK   South Sandwich Island Facts The South Sandwich Islands consist of 11 islands (from north to south): Zavodovski, Leskov (the smallest), Visokoi, Candlemas, Vindication, Saunders, Montagu (the largest), Bristol, Bellingshausen, Cook and Thule. British Captain James Cook discovered the eight most southerly islands on 30 January...

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South Shetland Island

Elephant Island - Photo Brendon Grunewald 70south Deception Island - Photo Brendon Grunewald 70south Deception Island - Photo Brendon Grunewald 70south South Shetland Island Sovereignty: UK, Argentina, Chile   South Shetland Island Facts The South Shetland Islands (61° 00' to 63° 37'S, 53° 83' to 62° 83'W) were discovered by William Smith on 19 February 1819,...

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The Snares

The Snares - Photo Unknown The Snares Sovereignty: New Zealand   The Snares Facts The islands were discovered independently on 23 November 1791 by two different people: George Vancouver and Lieutenant Broughton. Broughton named them the Knight's Islands, but Vancouver named them the Snares. The Snares consist of the Western Chain (Rima, Wha, Toru, Rua and...

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